Psychological safety between pastoral leaders and laity among African immigrants in America





How can a pastoral leaders be safe when performing their duties to Laity (Congregation member) and how can the Laity( congregation member) trust their pastoral leadership judgement. How can a psychological safety be a mediator between pastoral leaders and laity (congregation member)

Part 1







An Annotated Outline
The Prospectus document includes a title page (page 1) followed by pages containing the required elements in the prospectus. Please use the Prospectus template that is available on the Writing Center website.

Title Page The recommended title length is 12 words or fewer to include the topic, the variables and relationship between them, and the critical keywords. Double-space the title if over one line of type and center it under the word “Prospectus.” Please note that your dissertation title will likely change as the project evolves.

Include your name, your program of study (and specialization, if applicable), and Student ID number—double-spaced and centered under the title.

Title Start with “Prospectus” and a colon, and then include the title as it appears on the title page. Double-space if over one line of type and center it at the top of the page.

Problem Statement
Provide a one- to two-paragraph statement that is the result of a review of research findings and current practice and that contains the following information: 1. A logical argument for the need to address an identified gap in the research literature that has current relevance to the discipline and area of practice. Keep in mind that a gap in the research is not, in and of itself, a reason to conduct research. Make sure to clarify the problem that led you to the gap. The situation being experienced in a societal population or discipline is described within the problem statement. 2. Preliminary evidence that provides justification that this problem is meaningful to the discipline or professional field. Provide three to five key citations that support the relevance and currency of the problem. These references need not all be from peer- reviewed journals but should be from reputable sources, such as national agency
Note: A social problem involves an issue that affects a specific population/discipline. It is the issue that students see “on the ground” so to speak. The social problem is often what prompts students to think about a topic of interest drives their dissertation topic. Usually such a topic is one that students identify with, sometimes having personally experienced some aspect of the problem as it exists in the world. All too often, students want to solve a specific social, organizational, clinical, or practical problem rather than explore a research problem.

A research problem is a focused topic of concern, a condition to be improved upon, or troubling question that is supported in scholarly literature or theory that you study to understand in more detail, and that can lead to recommendations for resolutions. It is the research problem that drives the rest of the dissertation: the purpose, the research questions, and the methodology. It is the research problem that is identified in the Problem Statement of the prospectus.
Dissertation Prospectus Guide Page 5

databases or scholarly books, and should ideally be from the past 5 years. 3. Assure that the problem is framed within and primarily focused on the discipline (program of study).

Purpose Present a concise, one-paragraph statement on the overall purpose or intention of the study, which serves as the connection between the problem being addressed and the focus of the study. • In quantitative studies, state what needs be studied by describing two or more factors (variables) and a conjectured relationship among them related to the identified gap or problem. • In qualitative studies, describe the need for increased understanding about the issue to be studied, based on the identified gap or problem. • In mixed-methods studies, with both quantitative and qualitative aspects, clarify how the two approaches will be used together to inform the study.

Significance Provide one or two paragraphs, informed by the topic in the problem statement, that describe the following: 1. How this study will contribute to filling the gap identified in the problem statement: What original contribution will this study make? 2. How this research will support professional practice or allow practical application: Answer the So what? question. 3. How the claim aligns with the problem statement to reflect the potential relevance of this study to society: How might the potential findings lead to positive social change?

Background Provide (a) the keywords or phrases that you searched and the databases used; and (b) a representative list of scholarship and findings, or an annotated bibliography, that support and clarify the main assertions in the problem statement, highlighting their relationship to the topic, for example, “this variable was studied with a similar sample by Smith (2013) and Johnson (2014)” or “Jones’s (2012) examination of industry leaders showed similar trends in the same key segments.” Some of these resources may have already been mentioned in the first sections of the prospectus and can be included here, also. Provide 5 to 10 peer-reviewed articles most of which should have been published within the last 5 years and/or represent current information on the topic.

Framework (Conceptual or Theoretical) In one paragraph, describe the framework that demonstrates an understanding of the theories and concepts relevant to your topic. Align the framework with the problem, purpose, research questions, and background of your study. This theoretical or conceptual framework is
Dissertation Prospectus Guide Page 6

the basis for understanding, designing, and analyzing ways to investigate your research problem (data collection and analysis). Provide the original scholarly literature on the theory or concepts even if it is more than 5 years old. Please do not cite secondary sources.

Research Question(s) and Hypotheses (if applicable) List the question or a series of related questions that are informed by the study purpose, which will lead to the development of what needs to be done in this study and how it will be accomplished. A research question informs the research design by providing a foundation for • generation of hypotheses in quantitative studies, • questions necessary to build the design structure for qualitative studies, and • a process by which different methods will work together in mixed-methods studies.

Nature of the Study Provide a concise paragraph that (a) presents the approach that will be used to address the research question(s) and (b) discusses how this approach aligns with the problem statement. The examples of study design are as follows: • Quantitative—for experimental, quasiexperimental, or nonexperimental designs; treatment-control; repeated measures; causal-comparative; single-subject; predictive studies; or other quantitative approaches • Qualitative—for ethnography, case study, grounded theory, narrative inquiry, phenomenological research, policy analysis, or other qualitative traditions • Mixed methods, primarily quantitative—for sequential, concurrent, or transformative studies, with the main focus on quantitative methods • Mixed methods, primarily qualitative—for sequential, concurrent, or transformative studies, with the main focus on qualitative methods • Other—for another design, to be specified with a justification provided for its use

Possible Types and Sources of Data Secondary data include public or existing data that are collected by others. Primary data are collected by the researcher. Provide a list of possible types and sources of data that could be used to address the proposed research question(s), such as test scores from college students, employee surveys, observations of a phenomenon, interviews with practitioners, historical documents from state records, de-identified medical records, or information from a federal database. For secondary, or preexisting data, identify the data source, how the data will be accessed, and the data points that will be used to address the research questions. For primary data, explain the data points, how the data will be obtained, and potential participants who will be accessed to address the research questions. Possible secondary data sources, by program, are available on the Center for Research Quality website. Sources of information that support and clarify the problem belong in the Background section.

incorporate into your subsequent proposal drafts and research planning. Find more information on the IRB Guides and FAQs page.

Limitations, Challenges, and/or Barriers Provide information on limitations, challenges, and/or barriers that may need to be addressed when conducting this study. These may include access to participants, access to data, separation of roles (researcher versus employee), instrumentation fees, etc.

References On a new page, list your references formatted in the correct style (sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, modeled at the end of this guide) for all citations within the Dissertation Prospectus.

Part 1

Sampling Strategy and Participant Characteristics

a)Your revised Problem Statement, Purpose Statement, Background, Significance, and Framework sections of the prospectus

b)The Research Question and Nature of the Study sections of your prospectus.

Refer to the instructions in the Dissertation Prospectus document (pp. 3-4) as well as quality indicators on pages 16-17.

Note: In the Nature of the Study section, please be sure to include the following

  • A statement of whether your study is quantitative, qualitative, or mixed-methods and justification for selection based on the purpose of your study.
  • For quantitative studies, specify your independent and dependent variables as well as covariates, control variables, or mediating and moderating variables (if applicable). For qualitative studies, identify and define the key constructs or phenomena you will be measuring.
  • Based on your review of the literature, indicate how you might measure your variables, constructs, and/or phenomena of interest and provide a rationale for why you selected the specific methods you did. In your rationale, be sure to include a discussion of instruments or methods others have used in their research.

Part 2

Possible Types and Sources of Data and Possible Analytical Strategies

  • Your revised Problem Statement, Purpose Statement, Background, Significance, Framework, Research Questions, and Nature of the Study sections of the prospectus
  • The Possible Types and Sources of Data and Possible Analytic Strategies sections of the prospectus.

Refer to the instructions in the Dissertation Prospectus document (pp. 3-5) as well as quality indicators on pages 16-17.

Note: For the Possible Types and Sources of Data section, indicate the sources of your data (i.e., whether you will use primary or secondary sources; from whom or where you will collect your data; and how you will operationalize your variables. For the Possible Analytic Strategies section, indicate how you plan analyze your data. If you proposed a quantitative design, restate your alternative (scientific) hypotheses and indicate what type of analyses you would use to test each of the hypotheses. If you proposed a qualitative design, explain the specific method of inquiry you will use and how you will interpret the data you collect. If you proposed a mixed-methods design, indicate how the two methods will work together.

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