Research Critique Guidelines – Part I
Use this document to organize your essay. Successful completion of this assignment requires that you provide a rationale, include examples, and reference content from the studies in your responses.
Background of Study
How do these two articles support the nurse practice issue you chose?
Method of Study:
Results of Study
|Criteria||Article 1||Article 2||Article 3|
|APA-Formatted Article Citation with Permalink||March, J. S., Silva, S., Petrycki, S., Curry, J., Wells, K., Fairbank, J., Burns, B., Domino, M., McNulty, S., Vitiello, B., Severe, J., Casat, C., Kolker, J., Riedal, K., Feeny, N., Findling, R., Stull, S., Baab, S., Weller, E. B., … Rochon, J. (2007). The Treatment for Adolescents with Depression Study (TADS): Long-term effectiveness and safety outcomes. Archives of General Psychiatry, 64(10), 1132–1144. https://doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.64.10.1132||Fava, G. A. (2003). Can Long-Term Treatment With Antidepressant Drugs Worsen the Course of Depression? The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 64(2), 123–133. https://doi.org/10.4088/JCP.v64n0204||Kennard, B. D., Silva, S. G., Tonev, S., Rohde, P., Hughes, J. L., Vitiello, B., Kratochvil, C. J., Curry, J. F., Emslie, G. J., Reinecke, M., & March, J. (2009). Remission and Recovery in the Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study (TADS): Acute and Long-Term Outcomes. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 48(2), 186–195. https://doi.org/10.1097/CHI.0b013e31819176f9|
|How Does the Article Relate to the PICOT Question?||It explores the long-term effectiveness of antidepressants combined with CBT||The article explores whether antidepressants worsen depression||It explores the long-term rates of remission into depression following different treatments, including antidepressants and CBT.|
|Quantitative, Qualitative(How do you know?)||Both – the answers from participants represent qualitative data, and this data then underwent quantitative analysis||It is a quantitative study because it collects and reviews existing research on the subject||Quantitative because it analyzes hard data|
|Purpose Statement||To report on the effectiveness of these treatments||To explore whether antidepressants are a harmful approach to treating depression||To examine the remission rates of different depression treatments|
|Research Question||Are these treatments effective in the long-term?||Are antidepressants more likely to worsen depression?||Which approach is least likely to result in remissions?|
|Outcome||Combining antidepressants with CBT was superior to either approach taken alone||The analysis of existing literature suggests that there are harmful side effects, and that the topic needs to be explored further.||There was no significant difference in the results of all controlled groups|
|Setting (Where did the study take place?)||In 13 academic and community sites in the United States||The Index Medicus database was used by the researchers.||Across different clinics|
|Sample||327 participants||The research cross references around 136 samples.||439 adolescents|
|Method||Randomized, controlled trial||Quantitative analysis||Randomized, multisite clinical trial|
|Key Findings of the Study||The combined approach is the most effective||Adverse side-effects from antidepressants have been indicated by hundreds of existing studies||All treatment approaches are equally likely to result in remissions|
|Recommendations of the Researcher||Depression should be treated with a combination of CBT and antidepressants||More research is needed to prove the safety of antidepressants for long-term treatments||No recommendations have been provided|
|Criteria||Article 4||Article 5||Article 6|
|APA-Formatted Article Citation with Permalink||Ali, S., Rhodes, L., Moreea, O., McMillan, D., Gilbody, S., Leach, C., Lucock, M., Lutz, W., & Delgadillo, J. (2017). How durable is the effect of low intensity CBT for depression and anxiety? Remission and relapse in a longitudinal cohort study. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 94, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2017.04.006||Fluoxetine, Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, and Their Combination for Adolescents With Depression: Treatment for Adolescents With Depression Study (TADS) Randomized Controlled Trial. (2004). JAMA, 292(7), 807. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.292.7.807||Reinecke, M. A., Ryan, N. E., & DuBOIS, D. L. (1998). Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy of Depression and Depressive Symptoms During Adolescence: A Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 37(1), 26–34. https://doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199801000-00013|
|How Does the Article Relate to the PICOT Question?||The article examines the durability of low intensity CBT in treating depression||The article examines 4 approaches to treating depression, and aims to determine the best one||Examines the effectiveness of CBT|
|Quantitative, Qualitative(How do you know?)||Quantitative because it collected and analyzed data over a long period||Quantitative because it is a controlled trial||Quantiative because it reviews existing literature|
|Purpose Statement||To determine the long-terms effects of low intensity CBT||To evaluate the effectiveness of all four approaches||To determine the effectiveness of CBT|
|Research Question||Does CBT offer durable effects that prevent remission?||Which approach is the most effective?||How effective is CBT in treating depression and depressive symptoms?|
|Outcome||53% of the sample size relapsed||CBT has shown to be effective.|
|Setting (Where did the study take place?)||This was a longitudinal study||Combining antidepressants and CBT was the most effective approach||This was a review of existing literature|
|Sample||439 patients||439 patients||Several hundred studies were analyzed|
|Method||Longitudinal cohort study||Randomized controlled trial||Meta-analysis of existing literature|
|Key Findings of the Study||CBT does not offer evidence of being a durable solution to depression||Fluoxetine combined with CBT produced the best results||CBT is an effective treatment option against depression and depressive symptoms|
|Recommendations of the Researcher||Other treatments should be considered for depression in addition to CBT||Use a combination of fluoxetine and CBT in treating depression||CBT should be considered by therapists in treating depression|
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